Skip to main content

2.7. Gravida = a pregnant woman

There is such a thing as being a little bit pregnant, presumably pregnant, or probably pregnant before one is positively pregnant. Cis men can have hysterical pregnancies (Couvade syndrome), while a positive pregnancy test could be the result of medications or a (non-pregnancy-related) medical condition.
Image source: Crash Course

Presumptive Signs of Pregnancy: "presumptuous" signs perceived by the woman may be caused by just about anything other than actual pregnancy.
1. Absence of menstruation: could be stress, very low or high body weight, excessive physical activity, just late, or menopause.
2. Nausea & vomiting: stress, food poisoning, overindulgence/ having too much fun (without occurence of conception).
3. Breast changes: PMS.
4. Fatigue: anemia, sleep deprivation, or does one need a reason to be tired? How about being a woman in the first place and having to worry about all of this, and everybody else, too?
5. Urinary frequency: possible UTI, or too much liquid, caffeine, alcohol or other diuretics.
6. Quickening (fetal movement?): possible indigestion/ gas.

Probable Signs of Pregnancy: objective signs of pregnancy (which still might be caused by something else) perceived by a healthcare provider.
1. Chadwick's sign: bluish-purple coloration Down There, 6-8 weeks.
2. Goodell's sign: softening Down There with increased discharge, 8 weeks.
3. Hegar's sign: softening of lower uterine segment, 6 weeks.
4. Uterine & abdominal growth.
5. Darkened skin on face, belly, and areolas/nipples.
6. Ballottement: fetus (presumably) rising and falling when cervix is tapped (by doctor's finger).
7. Positive pregnancy test: still not 100% positive.

Positive Signs of Pregnancy: sorry, or congratulations--you're definitely preggers.
1. Sonographic visualization with cardiac movement, 4-8 weeks.
2. Fetal heart sounds heard via Doppler, 10-12 weeks.
3. Observation & palpation of fetal movement by examiner, 20+ weeks.

For better or worse, denial--like pregnancy--doesn't last forever.

Source: Chapman & Durham's Maternal-Newborn Nursing, 2nd. ed.


  1. I haven't had any success catching my foetus' heartbeat with a Doppler at home. I know it might be too early but it's frustrating all the same.

    1. Dr's Dopplers are usually fancier than ones for home use, but soon enough it will be impossible to ignore all of baby's activities (kicking, bladder-bouncing, hiccupping... :)


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

3.2. ABO = blood type

In parts of Asia, people don't just consult the zodiac, star signs, and the eight numbers of one's birth (八字). There's an entire culture of personality decoding based on blood type. It all started in 1927 when Takeji Furukawa, a professor at Tokyo Women’s Teacher’s School, shared his research connecting personality traits with blood type. Since then, friends and romantic interests ask if one's A, B, AB, or O, and in Japan, people reportedly get discriminated against at school and work based on their blood type.

Correlation of personality with one's A, B, AB, or O blood has not been supported by many credible studies, but some people take this very seriously. If you know your blood type (and you really should), see if the traits below sound about right.

A: Contrary to the Western concept of a "type A personality," people with type A blood (and antigens) can take a long time doing something when they're not motivated, or finish the same task in a jiffy …

3.10. Crisis = time-limited, disruptive, challenge

Are you in a crisis? According to Erik Erikson, we all are. Erikson divides psychosocial development into eight stages. Each period comes with its own "crisis," which once resolved, yields an appropriate "virtue."

0-1.5 years: Baby learns to trust, or mistrust the world. The former yields hope; the latter does not. Seems like many of us are still working on this one.
1.5-3 years: Toddler's crisis (or rather, Toddler's parents' crisis) involves a battle between autonomy v. shame & doubt. Making it through this stage confirms the child's (free) will. No, _____, this does not mean you always get your way.
3-5 years: The Preschooler may struggle with initiative v. guilt, but "purpose" emerges as a way to make sense of it all (hence the Why? why? Whyyyyyyy? WHHHYYY?s). A little bit of guilt here and there is fine for the developing ego and superego.
5-12 years: The School-age Child feels anxious about industry v. inferiority, ideally striv…

TKD = taekwondo

We interrupt our regular programming of blood, guts and babies to talk about taekwondo, a traditional Korean martial arts form.

Tae = kick/strike with the foot.
The foot as a blade, as hammer, as hook, the blow that knocks someone out, a broom sweeping the enemy down, pushing an intruder to the ground.

Kwon = punch/strike with the hands.
The hands, fist or palm, can be knives, blocks for poles, a punch to the solar plexus, bladed support when one rolls or falls, or a friendly hand to help a competitor back up from the mat.

Do = the art, the way of life.
Like any relationship, one's journey in martial arts has ups and downs. There's a honeymoon period, initial excitement--passion or obsession, even. That may not last, but commitment does. There are milestones but also little bumps, minor or major injuries. Things get in the way of training, but some amazing people also support one along the way. Sometimes one learns to find fun in dressing in full storm-trooper sparring gear on a …